In 2017, it handled 15 million passengers. Other most popular sports according to the size of the membership base of sports clubs include tennis, volleyball, floorball, golf, ball hockey, athletics, basketball and skiing.. Between 1583 and 1611 Prague was the official seat of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II and his court. The Duchy of Bohemia under Great Moravia in 1002 was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire and became a kingdom in 1198. A drama is Karel Čapek's play R.U.R., which introduced the word "robot". The attractions of Germany: what to see in Germany. For privately owned television services, there is TV Nova, the most popular channel in the Czech Republic. Between World Wars I and II, Functionalism, with its sober, progressive forms, took over as the main architectural style.. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt led to the Thirty Years' War. Czechoslovakia was restored in 1945 until 1 January 1993 when it dissolved with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Defence spending is approximately 1.19% of the GDP (2019). It comprises the historical provinces of Bohemia and Moravia along with the southern tip of Silesia, collectively called the Czech Lands. , The Barrandov Studios in Prague are the largest film studios with film locations in the country. It suffered a schism with the neo-Hussite Czechoslovak Hussite Church in 1920, lost the bulk of its adherents during the Communist era and continues to lose in the modern, ongoing secularization. The Czech Republic is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary representative democracy. The Czech armed forces consist of the Czech Land Forces, the Czech Air Force and of specialized support units.  The main equipment of the Czech military includes JAS 39 Gripen multi-role fighters, Aero L-159 Alca combat aircraft, Mi-35 attack helicopters, armored vehicles (Pandur II, OT-64, OT-90, BVP-2) and tanks (T-72 and T-72M4CZ). (2005). Production of Czech electricity exceeds consumption by about 10 TWh per year, which are exported.  Of that number, 2,926 km (1,818.13 mi) is electrified, 7,617 km (4,732.98 mi) are single-line tracks and 1,866 km (1,159.48 mi) are double and multiple-line tracks. The older seventy-six districts (okresy, singular okres) including three "statutory cities" (without Prague, which had special status) lost most of their importance in 1999 in an administrative reform; they remain as territorial divisions and seats of various branches of state administration. Low Temp: 28 °F. Journalists and media enjoy a degree of freedom. In the 14th century Emperor Charles IV invited to his court in Prague architects from France and Germany, Matthias of Arras and Peter Parler. The Czech climate is mixed. On 21 December 2007 the Czech Republic joined the Schengen Area. This is based on various factors, such as average temperatures, the chance of precipitation and weather experiences of others. Cable internet is gaining more popularity with its higher download speeds ranging from 50 Mbit/s to 1 Gbit/s. The Czech Republic has ties with Slovakia, Poland and Hungary as a member of the Visegrad Group, as well as with Germany, Israel, the United States and the European Union and its members. Phytogeographically, the Czech Republic belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region, within the Boreal Kingdom. Kofola is a non-alcoholic domestic cola soft drink which competes with Coca-Cola and Pepsi. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. One of the tourist attractions in the Czech Republic is the Nether district Vítkovice in Ostrava. Peaks of the production in the era of silent movies include the historical drama The Builder of the Temple and the social and erotic drama Erotikon directed by Gustav Machatý. Winters are chilly as the average low-temperature drops to -3.9°C (25°F) during the coldest month of January. According to the 2011 census, 34% of the population stated they had no religion, 10.3% was Catholic, 0.8% was Protestant (0.5% Czech Brethren and 0.4% Hussite), and 9% followed other forms of religion both denominational or not (of which 863 people answered they are Pagan).  There are 1,232 km of motorways as of 2017. Graph explanation. The Czech Republic lies within the Atlantic-continental area of the moderate climate zone of the northern hemisphere. The best-selling daily national newspapers are Blesk (average 1.15M daily readers), Mladá fronta DNES (average 752,000 daily readers), Právo (average 260,00 daily readers) and Deník (average 72,000 daily readers)..  České dráhy (the Czech Railways) is the main railway operator in the Czech Republic, with about 180 million passengers carried yearly. It is a unitary parliamentary republic. , There were 496,413 (4.5% of population) foreigners residing in the country in 2016, according to the Czech Statistical Office, with the largest groups being Ukrainian (22%), Slovak (22%), Vietnamese (12%), Russian (7%) and German (4%).  Avast is the leading provider of antivirus software, with a 20.5% market share. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule. Spring in this country begins in late February. The roots of Czech theatre can be found in the Middle Ages, especially in cultural life of gothic period. Some churches were restored to their presumed medieval appearance and there were constructed buildings in the Neo-Romanesque, Neo-Gothic and Neo-Renaissance styles. The Czech press was ranked as the 23rd most free press in the World Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders in 2017. The temperature differences between summer and winter are relatively high because of the landlocked geographic location. Depending on the different regions of the country, the climate is mixed and is influenced by the topographical locations. The industry employs more than 110,000 people – over 1% of the population. , In November 1989, Czechoslovakia returned to a liberal democracy through the Velvet Revolution. The mountains receive about 130 days of snow per year. The members of the government are the Prime Minister, Deputy prime ministers and other ministers. Dew Point: 29 °F. Fall in the Czech Republic The Czech Republic has beautiful weather in the fall.  The largest trading partner for both export and import is Germany and the EU in general. July is the sunniest and hottest month of the year in the Czech Republic. Prague has a temperate continental climate. Evidence of the general reception of the Renaissance in Bohemia, involving an influx of Italian architects, can be found in spacious châteaux with arcade courtyards and geometrically arranged gardens. During these months, there is snow in the mountains and sometimes in the cities and lowlands. In general, at higher altitudes, the temperatures decrease and precipitation increases. Climate in Czech Republic. Visibility: 9 mi. After World War II and the Communist coup in 1948, art in Czechoslovakia became Soviet influenced. The rainfall is mainly determined by the relief, but on the whole has never particularly high. Continental climate. , According to preliminary results of the 2011 census, the majority of the inhabitants of the Czech Republic are Czechs (63.7%), followed by Moravians (4.9%), Slovaks (1.4%), Poles (0.4%), Germans (0.2%) and Silesians (0.1%). In 2016, Avast led by Pavel Baudiš bought rival AVG for US$1.3 billion, together at the time, these companies had a user base of about 400 million people and 40% of the consumer market outside of China.  The name comes from the Slavic tribe (Czech: Češi, Čechové) and, according to legend, their leader Čech, who brought them to Bohemia, to settle on Říp Mountain.  The country experienced a 4.5% GDP growth in 2017. Quick Climate Info; Hottest Month: July (65 °F avg) Coldest Month: January (30 °F avg) Wettest Month: July (1.58" avg) Windiest Month : March (10 mph avg) Annual precip. It ranks 13th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 14th in the World Bank Human Capital Index ahead of countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France. , Healthcare in the Czech Republic is similar in quality to other developed nations. The principality of Great Moravia, controlled by Moymir dynasty, arose in the 8th century. Architectural heritage is an object of interest to visitors – it includes castles and châteaux from different historical epoques, namely Karlštejn Castle, Český Krumlov and the Lednice–Valtice area. Great Moravia was Christianized, with a role being played by the Byzantine mission of Cyril and Methodius.
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